The 2016 SocioNeeds Index, created by Healthy Communities Institute, is a measure of socioeconomic need that is correlated with poor health outcomes.
All zip codes, counties, and county equivalents in the United States are given an Index Value from 0 (low need) to 100 (high need). To help you find the areas of highest need in your community, the selected locations are ranked from 1 (low need) to 5 (high need) based on their Index Value.Learn More
Single geographies are not ranked
Community health improvement efforts must determine what sub-populations are most in need in order to most effectively focus services and interventions. Social and economic factors are well known to be strong determinants of health outcomes – those with a low socioeconomic status are more likely to suffer from chronic conditions such as diabetes, obesity, and cancer. The SocioNeeds Index summarizes multiple socio-economic indicators into one composite score for easier identification of high need areas by zip code or county.
Within your community, the zip codes or counties with the highest Index Values are estimated to have the highest socioeconomic need. The index value for each location is compared to all other similar locations (i.e. counties compare to other counties and zip codes to other zip codes) within the comparison area to assign a relative rank (1-5). Zip codes are ranked using natural breaks classification, which groups the zip codes into clusters based on similar index values.
The SocioNeeds Index is calculated for a community from several social and economic factors, ranging from poverty to education, that may impact health or access to care. The index is correlated with potentially preventable hospitalization rates, and is calculated using Nielsen Claritas estimates for 2016.